June 20, 2018

In reversal, Trump signs order stopping family separation / Trump DA REVERSA y firma orden para detener separación familiar

WASHINGTON (AP) — Bowing to pressure from anxious allies, President Donald Trump signed an executive order Wednesday ending the process of separating children from families after they are detained crossing the U.S. border illegally.
It was a dramatic turnaround for Trump, who has been insisting, wrongly, that his administration had no choice but to separate families apprehended at the border because of federal law and a court decision.

Trump DA REVERSA y firma orden para detener separación familiar

WASHINGTON (AP) - Inclinándose ante la presión de aliados ansiosos, el presidente Donald Trump firmó una orden ejecutiva el miércoles que pone fin al proceso de separación de niños de sus familias después de que se los detiene cruzando la frontera de Estados Unidos de manera ilegal.Fue un cambio radical para Trump, quien ha insistido, erróneamente, en que su administración no tuvo más remedio que separar a las familias detenidas en la frontera debido a la ley federal y una decisión judicial.


The news in recent days has been dominated by searing images of children held in cages at border facilities, as well as audio recordings of young children crying for their parents — images that have sparked fury, question of morality and concern from Republicans about a negative impact on their races in November's midterm elections.
Until Wednesday, the president, Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen and other officials had repeatedly argued the only way to end the practice was for Congress to pass new legislation, while Democrats said he could do it with his signature alone. That's what he did on Wednesday.
"We're going to have strong, very strong borders, but we're going to keep the families together," said Trump who said he didn't like the "sight" or "feeling" of children separated from their parents.
He said his order would not end the "zero-tolerance" policy that criminally prosecutes all adults caught crossing the border illegally. The order aims to keep families together while they are in custody, expedite their cases, and ask the Department of Defense to help house families.
Justice Department lawyers had been working to find a legal workaround for a previous class-action settlement that set policies for the treatment and release of unaccompanied children who are caught at the border.
Still, Trump's order is likely to create a new set of problems involving length of detention of families, and may spark a fresh court fight.
Also playing a role in his turnaround: First lady Melania Trump. One White House official said Mrs. Trump had been making her opinion known to the president for some time that she felt he needed to do all he could to help families stay together, whether by working with Congress or acting on his own.
Nielsen traveled to Capitol Hill Wednesday afternoon to brief lawmakers. And members on the fence over pending immigration legislation headed to the White House to meet with Trump.
Trump had tweeted earlier Wednesday, "It's the Democrats fault, they won't give us the votes needed to pass good immigration legislation. They want open borders, which breeds horrible crime. Republicans want security. But I am working on something - it never ends!"
The administration recently put into place a "zero tolerance" policy in which all unlawful border crossings are referred for prosecution — a process that moves adults to the custody of the U.S. Marshals Service and sends many children to facilities run by the Department of Health and Human Services. Under the Obama administration, such families were usually referred for civil deportation proceedings, not requiring separation.
The policy had led to a spike in family separations in recent weeks, with more than 2,300 minors were separated from their families at the border from May 5 through June 9, according to the Department of Homeland Security.
Two people close to Homeland Security Secretary Nielsen said early Wednesday that she was the driving force behind the plan to keep families together after they are detained crossing the border illegally.
One of the people said Nielsen, who had become the face of the administration's policy, had little faith that Congress would act to fix the separation issue and felt compelled to act. Nielsen was heckled at a restaurant Tuesday evening and has faced protesters at her home.
But others pushed back on the idea that Homeland Security had led the rollback. One official said it was the Justice Department that generated the legal strategy that is codified in the working executive order, and disputed the notion that Homeland Security was involved in drawing up the document.
Planning at the Justice Department had been underway over the past several days to provide the president with options on the growing crisis, said the official, who, like others, spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the effort before its official announcement.
The person said Trump called the Justice Department Wednesday morning asking for the draft order. The official did not know what prompted Trump to change course.
The Flores settlement, named for a teenage girl who brought the case in the 1980s, requires the government to release children from custody and to their parents, adult relatives or other caretakers, in order of preference. If those options are exhausted, authorities must find the "least restrictive" setting for the child who arrived without parents.
In 2015, a federal judge in Los Angeles expanded the terms of the settlement, ruling that it applies to children who are caught with their parents as well as to those who come to the U.S. alone. Other recent rulings, upheld on appeal, affirm the children's rights to a bond hearing and require better conditions at the Border Patrol's short-term holding facilities.
In 2016, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that child migrants who came to the border with parents and were held in custody must be released. The decision did not state parents must be released. Neither, though, did it require parents to be kept in detention, apart from their children.

ESPANOL:
Las noticias de los últimos días han estado dominadas por imágenes abrasivas de niños encerrados en jaulas en instalaciones fronterizas, así como grabaciones de audio de niños llorando por sus padres, imágenes que han desatado la furia, la moralidad y la preocupación de los republicanos por un impacto negativo en sus carreras en las elecciones de mitad de período de noviembre.Hasta el miércoles, el presidente, el secretario de Seguridad Nacional Kirstjen Nielsen y otros funcionarios habían argumentado en repetidas ocasiones que la única forma de terminar con la práctica era que el Congreso aprobara una nueva legislación, mientras que los demócratas decían que podía hacerlo solo con su firma. Eso es lo que hizo el miércoles."Vamos a tener fronteras fuertes y muy fuertes, pero vamos a mantener unidas a las familias", dijo Trump, quien dijo que no le gustaba la "visión" o el "sentimiento" de los niños separados de sus padres.Dijo que su orden no pondría fin a la política de "tolerancia cero" que procesa penalmente a todos los adultos atrapados cruzando la frontera ilegalmente. La orden tiene como objetivo mantener unidas a las familias mientras están bajo custodia, agilizar sus casos y solicitar al Departamento de Defensa que ayude a las familias.Los abogados del Departamento de Justicia han estado trabajando para encontrar una solución legal para un acuerdo de demanda colectiva anterior que establece políticas para el tratamiento y la liberación de niños no acompañados que son atrapados en la frontera.Aún así, es probable que la orden de Trump cree un nuevo conjunto de problemas que impliquen la duración de la detención de las familias, y puede provocar una nueva pelea en la corte.También desempeñando un papel en su cambio: Primera dama Melania Trump. Un funcionario de la Casa Blanca dijo que la Sra. Trump hacía tiempo que el presidente le daba a conocer su opinión de que ella tenía que hacer todo lo posible para ayudar a las familias a permanecer juntas, ya sea trabajando con el Congreso o actuando por su cuenta.Nielsen viajó a Capitol Hill el miércoles por la tarde para informar a los legisladores. Y los miembros en la cerca sobre la legislación de inmigración pendiente se dirigieron a la Casa Blanca para reunirse con Trump.Trump había twitteado más temprano el miércoles: "Es culpa de los demócratas, no nos darán los votos necesarios para aprobar una buena legislación de inmigración. Quieren fronteras abiertas, lo que genera un crimen horrible. Los republicanos quieren seguridad. Pero estoy trabajando en algo, nunca ¡Termina!La administración implementó recientemente una política de "tolerancia cero" en la cual todos los cruces fronterizos ilegales son remitidos para su enjuiciamiento, un proceso que traslada a adultos a la custodia del Servicio de Alguaciles de Estados Unidos y envía muchos niños a las instalaciones del Departamento de Salud y Humanidad Servicios. Bajo la administración de Obama, tales familias

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